NSW announced in November a strategy to become a “renewable energy superpower” and stimulate construction of a whopping 12 gigawatts in new wind, solar and pumped-hydro projects.
Prime Minister Scott Morrison and federal Energy and Emissions Reduction Minister Angus Taylor have said they would commission Commonwealth-owned Snowy Hydro to build a 1000 megawatts gas plant to supply dispatchable power into the grid.
Mr Taylor said he did not trust private industry to replace the baseload power which will be lost due the scheduled closure in 2023 of the 1000 megawatt Liddell coal-fired power plant.
If private power generators did not commit before April next year to build a total of 1000 megawatts “government will fill the remaining capacity”, but only to fill a shortfall, Mr Taylor said in September. “If industry steps up, we’ll step back.”
The critical declaration from Mr Stokes lists a gas plant with capacity up to 750 megawatts, which indicates industry is expected to deliver at least 250 megawatts of generation by the deadline.
Energy analysts told this masthead in October that the independent Australian Energy Market Operator had not forecast any shortfall in dispatchable power supply due to the closure of Liddell.
The operator’s forecast noted a potential shortfall of just 157 megawatts by 2022, but noted the NSW government had confirmed investment in 170 megawatts of dispatchable batteries.
However, Mr Taylor said 1000 megawatts of extra capacity was required to stop power price rises and that “government has always been clear – we need to see life extension or like-for-like replacement of Liddell”.
The power station would be located on the former site of a demolished aluminium smelter at Kurri Kurri in the Hunter Valley.
The NSW state government also this week approved a $500 million underground coal mine proposal in the Hunter Valley.
Malabar Resources’ Maxwell mine, located at Jerrys Plains, will produce around 8 million tonnes per annum of metallurgical coal which is used for steel making. The mine is expected to operate for 26 years.
The Independent Planning Commission said in a statement the potential impacts from the Maxwell mine are manageable, and the risks of adverse impacts on the environment are low.
Lock the Gate co-ordinator Georgina Woods said approval of the Maxwell mine “further entrenches an industry with a highly uncertain future” and Hunter Valley communities would “bear the brunt of this government stupidity”.
Dispatchable power supply
- Dispatchable energy is power supplied into the energy grid that can crank up quickly to fill gaps in supply.
- Dispatchable power can come from large-scale batteries, pumped hydro projects located on dam storages, and gas peaking plants which are smaller than traditional large scale plants.
- Gaps typically only appear on a few days a year at periods of peak demand, most likely during a heat wave when many homes are running air conditioners.
- The risk of gaps in energy supply is rising as the volume of energy from renewable energy sources increases in response to falling technology costs.
- That’s because renewable energy can be intermittent and fluctuate up and down when the sun isn’t shining, or the wind isn’t blowing.
Mike is the climate and energy correspondent for The Age and The Sydney Morning Herald.