Brussels: The European Union’s rights watchdog has warned of the risks of using artificial intelligence in predictive policing, medical diagnoses and targeted advertising as the bloc mulls rules next year to address the challenges posed by the technology.

While AI is widely used by law enforcement agencies, rights groups say it is also abused by authoritarian regimes for mass and discriminatory surveillance. Critics also worry about the violation of people’s fundamental rights and data privacy rules.

The European Commission, the executive body of the European Union, is considering legislation next year to cover so-called high risk sectors such as healthcare, energy, transport and parts of the public sector.

A scene from James Cameron's Terminator: Genisys. Filmmakers have long portrayed artificial intelligence as spelling the end of humanity.

A scene from James Cameron’s Terminator: Genisys. Filmmakers have long portrayed artificial intelligence as spelling the end of humanity. Credit:Paramount Pictures/AP

The Vienna-based EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) urged policymakers in a report issued on Monday, Brussels time, to provide more guidance on how existing rules apply to AI and ensure that future AI laws protect fundamental rights.



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